A friend of mine was fond of drawing horse. He drew the horses very well,but he always began the tail. Now it is the Western rule to begin at the head of the horse, that is why I was surprised. It struck me that it could not really make any difference whether the artist begins at the head or the tail or the belly(肚子) or the foot of the horse, if he really knows his business. And most great artists who really know their business do not follow other peoples rule.They make their own rules. Every one of them does his work in a way peculiar(奇特的) to himself; and the peculiarity means only that he finds it more easy to work in that way.

Now the very same thing is true to literature(文学). And the question, How shall I begin? only means that you want to begin at the head instead of beginning at the tail or somewhere else. That is, you are not yet experienced(有经验的) enough to trust to your own powers. When you become more experienced you will

never ask the question, and I think that you will often begin at the tail –that is to say, you will write the end of the story before you have even thought of the beginning.

1. A friend of the writers drew the horses ____.

A. very well

B. in the way of western rule

C. in the way of his own rule

D. all of the above

2. The writer was surprised because ____.

A. the artist began to draw at the head of the horse

B. the artist began to draw at the tail of the horse

C. the artist made his own rule

D. the artist did not follow other peoples rule

3. You are not yet experienced because ____.

A. you dont know where to begin

B. you want to begin at the head instead of beginning at the tail

C. you always asked question

D. you do not trust to your own powers

4. When you become more experienced you will ____.

A. never ask question

B. often begin at the tail

C. should write the end of the story

D. should think of the beginning

5. The topic of the passage is ______.

A. How to draw a horse

B. How to write a story

C. How to make your own rules

D. Trust to your own powers

参考答案: CDDCD


There is a commonly held view that the only way toget (0) decent pay increase is to move on: to go out into thejob market and find someone (31) is prepared to pay you afigure more in line (32) the talents you can offer. Whilstchanging employers from time (33) time is something weprobably all need to do to advance our careers in the directionswe want them to take, it is nevertheless an activity that carriesquite definite risks. Irrespective of (34) well we researchprospective employers, a new job is still largely a step into the unknown . It may turn (35) to be agood move or it could prove to be a complete disaster : most of us (36) had experience of both.The point here, though, is that changing employers is not something we want to be doing all thetime and certainly not (37) time we feel the urge for better pay . Wed (38) taking more risks thanwe needed to just to achieve a pay rise. Getting a pay rise should always be viewed (39) a seriousbusiness. There are no quick fixes or gold methods with guaranteed results. Quick fixes onlyserve to trivialize the issues and could (40) some circumstances get you into very serous troubleindeed.




32题,in line with,和什么一致,固定搭配,在中级的选词版完型里常考到这个词组。这句的意思是,找个一个愿意给你提供和你才能更加一致的薪水的人。

33题,from time to time,时不时的。changing employers from time to time,时不时的换老板。

34题,Irrespective of,同regardless of一样,后面接让步状语从句,不管我们对可能的雇主研究的多么好,新的工作都是一个未知数。用how well。

35题,turn out to be,固定用法。


37题,理解前后文意思。换老板不是件我们经常愿意做的事情,并且也不是一想要加薪就要换老板。用every time,表示每次要加薪就准备换老板。

38题,这题有点难度,考验人的语法功底。首先这个句子是虚拟语气,Wed是we would的缩写,而不是we had。是表示对将来的假设,我们要承担更多的风险。所以用would be。

39题,比较明显的,view as,将什么视作什么。

40题,和circumstance相关的词组,很容易想到under/on some circumstance,在某种情况下


1. 词汇方面


The TV show was interrupted by too many commercials.


2. 短语方面

如soft selling软推销,指一种使用静悄悄的,不引人注意的诱导手段推销商品的方法,是一种间接的销售方法。与hard selling相对。hard selling是商接的销售方法,通过不断重复产品的名称及其优秀的品质,使用一些有力的,但不一定受欢迎的手段去推销产品。例如:

Some salespeople adopt a directhard sellapproach, while others use a more indirectsoft sellapproach.有些商人采用直接的硬销售法,而有的商人使用更间接的软销售法。

3. 句型方面


We are writing in connection with 今来函关于

I noted with interest your advertisement for…我饶有兴致地读到贵公司的广告。 Yes, thats true,but on the other hand,没错,但另一方面

Thats exactly what I think.这和我不谋而合。

Maybe.but dont you think?也许吧,但是你认为如何?


You are wanted on the phone. 有你的电话。

As requested.we enclosefor your attention.应贵方要求,今随函寄上请查收。

4. 旧词新义


protest 拒付(票据等)

The cheques he issued were a all protested.他开出的支票均遭拒付。

honour 承兑

All credit cards honoured here. 各种信用卡这里均通用。

protect 备款以支付

We hope you will duly protect our draft on presentation.望贵方在汇票提示时及时予以兑付。

factor 独立代理商。在英国,factor是一种特殊代理人,受他人委托进行贸易活动,收取佣金,佣金的多少取决于其业绩。

The factor is active in financing product imports to the US. 该代理商为产品输入美国积极筹资。

royalty 专利/版权等的使用费;提成费;特权。

Besides copyright,the writer got a 10-percent royalty on sales. 除拥有版权外,作者得到百分之十的版税。

5. 同义词、近义词、相似词的辨析

国际商务英语学习者往往对一些商务英语中的同义词、近义词、相似词分辨不清,特别是在工作中由于选词不当,造成误解。例如,credit card(信用卡)与letter of credit(信用证)之间其实毫无关系,但有的学生不知其问的差别。又如,quotation和offer都有报价的意思,有什么区别呢?再如,表示公司的英语单词有不少,如:firm,company,corporation,branch,incorporation subsidiary,affiliated company等,它们之间意思有何不同?又如,B/L和B/E有什么差别呢?对这样一些词之间的差别,商务英语学生应该明白。


Chairman,President,C.E.O.,Managing Director,General Manager


President在美国英语中相当于英国英语的Chairman(of the Board)。

C.E.O.是Chief Executive Officer的首字母缩写,其意思是首席执行官,也可以将其翻译为总裁。总裁是公司的最高行政主管。在美国英语中,President也指总裁。有的公司的董事长和总裁由两人担任。总裁的位置仅次于董事长(chairman),高于副董事长(Vice-Chairman)。

Managing Director与General Manager都可翻译为总经理,但是,两者有所不同。对一个普通的没有董事会的公司来说,总经理是该公司的最高领导者。但是,假定A公司是一个设有董事会的股份有限公司,该公司管辖许多分公司,分公司的最高领导者也被称为是总经理(G.M.),而总公司(Head Office/Headquarters)的总经理应翻译成Managing Director(M.D.)。Managing Director仅次于Chairman。C.E.O.有逐步取代M.D.的趋势。

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